Nails Ch7 – Pedicuring

What equipment is needed to perform nail services?

Answer:  The equipment needed to perform pedicuring services include a pedicure station, pedicure stool and foot rest, pedicure footbath, pedicure cart, electric foot mitts, terry cloth mitts, paraffin tub and hot stones.

What type of clients should not receive a paraffin service?

Answer: Do not provide paraffin wax treatments to clients with diabetes-related problems, such as lesions or abrasions, impaired foot or leg circulation, or loss of feeling in their feet or legs. Further, the skin of elderly clients may be more sensitive to heat, or thinner, so a pre-service wax patch test must be performed to check for client comfort in receiving the treatment.

What are the types of nail technology implements that you will use in your pedicure services?

Answer: Toenail clippers, toenail nippers, curette, nail rasp, pedicure nail file and foot file.

What is the difference between toenail clippers and fingernail clippers?

Answer: Toenail clippers are larger than fingernail clippers and specifically designed for shortening toenails.

What is the difference between toenail nippers and fingernail nippers?

Answer: Toenail nippers are larger and much stronger and have a larger hinge box and longer and thicker jaws.

What is a foot soak?

Answer: A foot soak is a product that is added to the water in the pedicure bath to soften the skin, cleanse, and deodorize the feet.

What exfoliating agents may be found in exfoliating scrubs?

Answer: Sea sand, ground apricot kernels, pumice, quartz crystals, jojoba beads, and polypropylene beads are all exfoliating agents that may be found in pedicure scrubs.
Describe what callus softeners do.

Answer: Callus softeners soften and smooth thickened calluses.

What is a foot soak?

Answer: A foot soak is a product that is added to the water in the pedicure bath to soften the skin, cleanse, and deodorize the feet.

What exfoliating agents may be found in exfoliating scrubs?

Answer: Sea sand, ground apricot kernels, pumice, quartz crystals, jojoba beads, and polypropylene beads are all exfoliating agents that may be found in pedicure scrubs.
Describe what callus softeners do.

Answer: Callus softeners soften and smooth thickened calluses.

What should you make sure a client doesn’t do 24 to 48 hours prior to receiving a pedicure?

Answer: Clients should not shave their legs 24 to 48 hours before a pedicure.

Discuss an instance that would require a client to get a series pedicure.

Answer: A client might need a series pedicure for callus reduction.

What considerations should you take into account when designing your pedicure service menu?

Answer: Tailor your foot care menu of services to meet the lifestyle and requests of your clientele.

What is the most enjoyable aspect of any nail service?

Answer: The massage is generally the most enjoyable aspect of any nail service.

Why should you hold the foot firmly when massaging?

Answer: You should hold the foot firmly when massaging because a light or lose grip can cause a ticklish sensation. Most clients can tolerate a firm, comfortable grip, even if they are ticklish.

Reflexology is based on what principle?

Answer: Reflexology is based on the principle that areas (reflexes) in the feet and hands correspond to all the organs, glands, and parts of the body.

If a client cannot move into the pedicure chair, what are your options?

Answer:. If a client cannot move into the pedicure chair, bring a basin of warm/cool water to your client or perform a dry pedicure.

Whose responsibility is it to ensure proper disinfection procedures are followed?

Answer: It is the responsibility of the salon and the individual performing the procedure to ensure that proper disinfection occurs and that procedures are followed.

What organizations have developed procedures for cleaning and disinfecting all types of pedicuring equipment?

Answer: The Nail Manufacturer’s Council (NMC) and International Nail Technicians Association (INTA) have developed procedures for cleaning and disinfecting all types of pedicuring equipment.

What kinds of disinfectants must be used in salons/spas?

Answer: EPA-registered hospital disinfectant must be used in salons/spas.