Nails Ch12 – Gel Enhancements

What is the function of a photoinitiator?

Answer: A photoinitiator is a molecule that creates a reaction when exposed to UV or visible light. A photoinitiator initiates the chemical reaction on the nail: Heat is created, and polymerization begins.

What is an oligomer?

Answer: An oligomer is a thick, gel-like, sticky acrylate that is between a liquid and a solid and sometimes referred to as a pre-polymer.

What does polymerization do?

Answer: Polymerization is the linking of oligomers together into a solid chemical-resistant material.

How is the power of a curing lamp calculated?

Answer: The power of a curing lamp is equal to the number of bulbs inside the lamps multiplied by the wattage (how much electricity it consumes).

What features of a lamp affect how it cures?

Answer: Lamp features that affect how it cures includes the type and number of bulbs in the unit, the distance the bulbs are from the bottom, and the size.

Whom should you consult when choosing the proper curing lamp to cure a gel system?

Answer: The nail technician should consult with the gel manufacturer of the gel they are using to receive more detailed information on which lamp best cure their product.

What is the difference between hard and soft gels?

Answer: Hard gels are created to be strong enough to use to build nail extensions. Soft gels, or soak-off gels, are formulated to overlay the natural nail and are easily removed with acetone.

What is an example of a soft gel?

Answer: Examples of a soft gel include soak-off gel polishes and other soak-off gels.

What is an inhibition layer?

Answer: An inhibition layer consists of uncured gel and/or leftover solvents that create a tacky surface left on the nail after the gel has cured.

What supplies are needed for a gel service?

Answer: A gel service requires the following supplies: a proper curing lamp, an application brush, a bonding gel or gel primer, building gels, finishing gel, nail cleanser, abrasives, and lint-free wipes. Nail tips and forms are optional.

What is required to cure the gel?

Answer: A proper curing lamp is required to cure the gel.

What is building gel used for during the service?

Answer: During the service, a building gel is used for overlaying the natural nail or creating an extension.

How do you clean your gel brush if the gel cures in it?

Answer: If your gel cures in your brush, it is ruined and cannot be repaired.

What can happen if the gel cures on the skin?

Answer: Gel that cures on the skin can increase the risks of developing skin irritation or sensitivity to the gel system and can cause lifting.

What two methods can you use for applying gel to the nail?

Answer: Two methods you can use for applying gel to the nail are floating a bead or applying strings of gel.

Is a traditional hard gel the best option for a client who wants to wear nail extensions for a weekend event? Why or why not?

Answer: A traditional hard gel is difficult to remove and thus not the best option.

If your client chooses the same color polish for each manicure, what gel service will you recommend?

Answer: A gel polish manicure is an excellent recommendation for a client who chooses the same polish color for each manicure.