Foundations Ch 5 – Infection Control

What are the primary purposes of regulatory agencies?

Answer: Federal agencies regulate the beauty and wellness professions by setting guidelines for the manufacture, sale, and use of equipment and chemical ingredients and for safety in the workplace. State agencies regulate licensing and enforcement; protect the health, safety, and welfare of the consumer; and guide your conduct when you are working in a salon, spa, or barbershop.

What are four modes of pathogen transmission?

Answer: Four modes of transmission are direct, indirect, airborne, and respiratory droplet.

List the five types of organisms that are important to a beauty professional

Answer: The five types of organisms important to the beauty professional are bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and biofilms.

What is the difference between cleaning, disinfecting, and sterilizing?

Answer: Cleaning is the mechanical process of removing all visible dirt and debris by washing with soap and water or detergent and water. Disinfecting is the chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on environmental surfaces. Sterilizing is the process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores.

What are Standard Precautions?

Answer: Standard Precautions are guidelines published by the CDC that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious and carry bloodborne pathogens. Precautions include hand washing, wearing gloves, and proper handling and disposal of sharp instruments and items that have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids. It is important that specific procedures be followed if blood or body fluid is present.

Why is it of the utmost importance to practice strict infection control protocols with every client?

Answer: There are a number of reasons to practice strict infection control protocols with every client:

  • It is your professional and legal responsibility to follow state and federal laws and rules.
  • Your livelihood and reputation depend upon it.
  • Standard Precautions state that all bodily fluids be treated as potentially infectious.
  • It is impossible to know which of your clients are at higher risk of infection than others, because they may not tell you or even know themselves. Thus, you must assume all clients are at risk of suffering dire consequences.