Advanced Topics – SCE201

1. What are the benefits of chemical exfoliation?

  • Improved texture of the skin, barrier function, and moisture retention
  • Increased cell renewal factor (CRF), hydration, and intercellular lipids
  • Reduced fine lines, wrinkles, and surface pigmentation
  • Skin that looks and feels smoother and softer
  • Improvement in skin conditions
  • Potential stimulation of elastin and collagen production

2. What are general contraindications for chemical exfoliation?

  • Recent cosmetic surgeries, laser resurfacing, chemical peels, or dermabrasion
  • Recent injectables, fillers, or Botox®
  • Use of Retin-A, or other medications that exfoliate or thin the skin
  • Allergies or sensitivities to products or ingredients
  • Pregnancy
  • Herpes simplex
  • Hyperpigmentation tendencies
  • Inflamed rosacea or acne
  • Infectious diseases
  • Open sores or suspicious lesions
  • Sunburned or irritated skin
  • Photosensitizing medications
  • Other contraindicated drugs or medication

3. How do alpha hydroxy acids exfoliate the skin?

AHAs penetrate the corneum via the intercellular matrix and loosen the bonds between the cells.

4. What are enzyme peels and typical results?

Enzymes work to digest the keratin (protein) in dead skin cells on the surface of the skin. The results are very superficial, temporary, and provide a refreshed dewy complexion.

5. What type of skin conditions benefit most from BHA peels?

BHAs are used primarily on clients with oilier skin and with acne.

6. What is a Jessner’s peel?

A Jessner’s peel is categorized as a stronger superficial peel and utilizes a Jessner’s solution, which is a mixture of salicylic acid, resorcinol, lactic acid, and ethanol.

7. What benefits does microdermabrasion have on skin?

Microdermabrasion can be used to diminish the following conditions:

  • Sun damage
  • Pigmentation
  • Open and closed comedones
  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Enlarged pores, and coarsely textured skin

In addition to the typical exfoliation benefits, the vacuum mechanism stimulates cell metabolism and blood flow.

8. What types of skin conditions do lasers treat?

Lasers can be used for skin rejuvenation, skin resurfacing, spider vein reduction, hair growth reduction, actinic keratoses, cellulite reduction, pigmentation issues, and on growths.

9. What is light therapy?

Light therapy is the application of light rays to the skin to address a skin concern.

10. What is light therapy used for?

Light therapy is used for the treatment of wrinkles, capillaries, pigmentation, and unwanted hair.

11. What are LEDs used for?

To reduce acne, increase skin circulation, and improve collagen content. Estheticians use LEDs for skin rejuvenation.

12. What is microcurrent and what does it do for the skin?

Microcurrent, or wave therapy, devices mimic the way the brain relays messages to the muscles. In esthetics, microcurrent is used primarily to tone and stimulate facial muscles.

13. What is ultrasound and what is it used for in esthetics?

Ultrasound refers to a frequency that is above the range of sound audible to the human ear. Ultrasound equipment uses the noninvasive sound waves to create treatments. In esthetics, it can be used for product penetration and for cellulite reduction. The vibrations, created through a water medium, help cleanse and exfoliate the skin by removing dead skin cells. Ultrasound penetrates deeply—it stimulates tissue, increases blood flow, and promotes oxygenation.

14. What is microneedling?

Cosmetic and medical rolling, also called dermal rolling, is a form of collagen induction therapy (CIT). This procedure causes tiny needle pricks across the skin from rollers or electronic hand pieces that induce collagen formation during the wound healing process.

15. What is Nano Infusion?

Nano Infusion is noninvasive technology that includes the use of a microneedling hand piece but with needle-free Nano Tips allowing for a safe treatment with no downtime. The science behind this treatment is to create thousands of micro-channels per minute on top of the skin while the vibratory action of the microneedling hand piece assists in penetrating in the topical product of choice.

16. What are body wraps used for?

Body wraps are treatments where product is applied on the body and then covered or wrapped up. Wraps are used for various reasons and can remineralize, hydrate, stimulate, detoxify, or promote relaxation. The product used will determine the effects and results.

17. What is endermology?

Endermology is a treatment for cellulite. It helps stimulate the reduction of adipose tissue by a vacuum massage that combines a vigorous massage along with suction.

18. Explain the benefits of manual lymph drainage.

Manual lymphatic drainage helps to cleanse and detoxify the body.

19. What services do medical estheticians provide?

Estheticians perform services such as peels, microdermabrasion, and light therapy. Some assist in the medical procedures and monitor patient recovery. Additionally, home care products recommended by estheticians help patients heal faster and maintain their skin’s health. Because medical esthetics is evolving, the esthetician’s role can be shaped to fit the facility’s needs.

20. What are injectable fillers used for?

Injectable fillers are substances used in nonsurgical procedures to fill in or plump up areas of the skin.

21. What are the medical terms for face lift, eye lift, and nose surgery?

A rhytidectomy is a face lift. A blepharoplasty is an eye lift. Rhinoplasty is nose surgery.